Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think, learn, and perform tasks that would typically require human intelligence. It is a broad field of computer science that focuses on creating intelligent machines capable of mimicking human cognitive functions.AI systems employ various techniques and algorithms to process large amounts of data, recognize patterns, make decisions, and solve problems. These systems can be designed to perform specific tasks or exhibit general intelligence across a wide range of tasks. AI can be categorized into two main types: Narrow AI and General AI.
Narrow AI:Narrow AI, also known as Weak AI, is designed to perform specific tasks within a limited domain. Examples of narrow AI include voice assistants (e.g., Siri, Alexa), recommendation systems, image recognition algorithms, and autonomous vehicles. Narrow AI excels at specific tasks but lacks the broader capabilities of human intelligence.
General AI:General AI, also referred to as Strong AI or Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), represents AI systems with human-like intelligence. AGI would be capable of understanding, learning, and applying knowledge across various domains, similar to human intelligence. Achieving true General AI is still a subject of ongoing research and development.